|Date of birth:||November 21, 1966|
|Place of birth:||West Covina, California|
|Height:||6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)|
|Weight:||220 lb (100 kg)|
|High school:||Henryetta (OK)|
|College:||Oklahoma / UCLA|
|NFL Draft:||1989 / Round: 1 / Pick: 1|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
|Player stats at PFR|
Troy Kenneth Aikman (born November 21, 1966) is a former American football quarterback who played for the Dallas Cowboys in the National Football League (NFL). The number one overall draft pick in 1989, Aikman played twelve consecutive seasons as quarterback with the Cowboys. During his career he was a six-time Pro Bowl selection, led the team to three Super Bowl victories, and was the Super Bowl XXVII MVP. Aikman was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2006 and to the College Football Hall of Fame on December 9, 2008 in New York City.
Currently he works as a television sportscaster for the Fox network. He is also a former joint owner of the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series racing team Hall of Fame Racing along with fellow former Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach, and is a part-owner of the San Diego Padres.
Aikman was born on November 21, 1966. He grew up in Cerritos, California. At the age of 12, Aikman’s family moved to Henryetta, Oklahoma, where he played football at Henryetta High School, where he would earn All-State honors.
Oklahoma Sooners (1984–1985)
The New York Mets offered Aikman a contract out of high school, but instead of playing baseball he chose to pursue football and attended the University of Oklahoma under head coach Barry Switzer.
In 1984, he became the first freshman to start at quarterback for Oklahoma since World War II and lost to the University of Kansas 28-11 in Lawrence, Kansas. In 1985 his first full season as a collegiate starter, Aikman led the Sooners to victories over Minnesota, Kansas State, and #17 Texas in the Red River Shootout before hosting the Miami Hurricanes and his future head coach, Jimmy Johnson.
On October 19, Miami’s Jerome Brown broke through the offensive line, sacked Aikman on the Sooner 29-yard line and broke Aikman’s ankle. Aikman, who had been six of eight passing for 131 yards, would be lost for the season. Switzer and offensive coordinator Jim Donnan were forced to switch back to the wishbone offense under freshman quarterback Jamelle Holieway. The team went on to win the 1985 National Championship. With Holieway established as the starting quarterback at OU, Aikman decided to transfer to UCLA.
UCLA Bruins (1986–1988)
Barry Switzer oversaw Aikman’s transfer to UCLA, a program under Terry Donahue that was more conducive to a passing quarterback. He had to sit out one year due to college transfer rules but went on to lead the Bruins to a 20-4 record over two seasons.
As a senior, Aikman won the 1988 Davey O’Brien Award as the nation’s top quarterback, a first for UCLA. He was a Consensus All-American, the UPI West Coast Player of the Year, the Washington DC Club QB of the Year, a finalist for the 1988 AFCA “Coaches Choice” Player of the year award, and finished third in voting for the 1988 Heisman Trophy. UCLA matched the victory total from the previous season under Aikman, going 10-2 and losing only to USC and Washington State. The 1988 season culminated with a 17-3 Bruins victory over the Arkansas Razorbacks in the 1989 Cotton Bowl Classic, which was played in Dallas. The Dallas media spent most of the Cotton Bowl Classic week promoting Aikman as the “next quarterback of the Cowboys,” and much was made of Tom Landry watching Aikman practice during the Bruins’ workouts at Texas Stadium. Aikman finished his career as the number two career passing leader in UCLA history. In 2008, he was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame. On November 28, 2014, UCLA retired his No. 8 jersey at Half time against Stanford University.
Dallas Cowboys (1989–2000)
Aikman was the No. 1 overall pick in the 1989 NFL Draft, by the Dallas Cowboys. On February 25, 1989, new owner Jerry Jones fired Landry and replaced him with Jimmy Johnson. A few months later, in the NFL’s supplemental draft, Johnson drafted Steve Walsh, who played for Johnson at the University of Miami. Aikman won the starting quarterback job, and Walsh was traded early in the 1990 season.
Aikman’s NFL career started with a 28–0 loss to the New Orleans Saints. The following week, Aikman threw his first touchdown pass, a 65-yard completion to Michael Irvin, but the Atlanta Falcons intercepted two passes and won. In a game against the Arizona Cardinals, he threw for 379 yards to set an NFL rookie record. Aikman finished 1989 with an 0–11 record as a starter, completing 155 of 293 passes for 1,749 yards, 9 TDs and 18 INTs.
Following Aikman’s rookie season, Dallas selected Florida Gators RB Emmitt Smith in the first round of the 1990 NFL Draft. With Smith and Irvin, Aikman led the Cowboys to a 7–7 record in the 1990 season, but was injured in the 15th game, against the Philadelphia Eagles. The Cowboys would go on to lose that game and the following week against the Atlanta Falcons with backup QB Babe Laufenberg, missing the final playoff wild card spot by one game.
In 1991, Aikman led the Cowboys to a 6–4 record in the first 10 games and had the Cowboys ahead in week 12 against undefeated Washington Redskins when he was injured. Steve Beuerlein replaced Aikman, and Dallas finished the season 5–0 and earned the #5 playoff seed. Beuerlein went on to lead the Cowboys to a road upset over the #4 seed Chicago Bears in the Wild Card round. With the Cowboys losing 17-6 at halftime the following week against the Detroit Lions in the NFC Divisional Playoff game, Aikman was inserted to start the third quarter, but was unable to provide a spark as the Cowboys lost, 38–6. Aikman was selected to the first of six consecutive Pro Bowls.
In 1992, Aikman set career highs in completions (302), passing yards (3,445) and touchdown passes (23), and led the Cowboys to a team record 13 regular season victories and the second best record in the NFC. During the playoffs, Aikman broke Joe Montana’s record of 83 passes without an interception by throwing 89. The Cowboys defeated the Eagles at home in the Division Playoffs and squared off against the 49ers in the NFC Championship, a matchup that featured the two best teams in the NFC. The Cowboys won, 30–20, with Aikman completing two game changing completions to send the Cowboys to their first Super Bowl appearance since 1979. In Super Bowl XXVII against the Buffalo Bills, Aikman led the Cowboys to a 52-17 victory (coincidentally the game was played in his alma mater’s home stadium, the Rose Bowl). Aikman was named Super Bowl MVP after completing 22-of-30 passes for 273 yards and 4 TDs.
In 1993, Dallas finished 12–4, the best record in the NFC. In the playoffs, Aikman again guided Dallas to home playoff victory, this time over a young, upstart Green Bay Packers squad led by QB Brett Favre, who was in his first full season as a starting QB. Aikman then shredded the 49ers secondary in the NFC Championship 38–21, before leaving the game with a concussion after 49ers DT Dana Stubblefield’s knee hit Aikman’s head. In Super Bowl XXVIII, Aikman was kept out of the end zone, but a combination of key turnovers by the Bills offense and the running of Emmitt Smith helped lead a 30–13 victory for the Cowboys.
Following Super Bowl XXVIII, Aikman spoke of still feeling the ill effects of the concussion he suffered against the 49ers in the NFC Championship. Aikman spoke afterwards of how he did not remember anything about Super Bowl XXVIII, let alone playing in the game.
Head coach Jimmy Johnson left the team on March 29, 1994, and Jerry Jones hired Barry Switzer, Aikman’s former college coach at Oklahoma. The Cowboys finished with the second best record in the NFC, (behind the 49ers) and Aikman again missed playing time due to injuries. Dallas won their Divisional Playoff game against Green Bay 35-9, but fell to the 49ers in the NFC Championship, 38-28.
In 1995, Aikman passed for over 3,300 yards as the Cowboys once again finished with the best record in the NFC, with the 49ers having the second best record. Aikman was knocked out of a highly anticipated rematch between Dallas and San Francisco when 49ers’ Stubblefield landed on Aikman, forcing his knee to hit the turf. After a playoff loss at home by the 49ers to the Packers, the Cowboys hosted the Packers in the NFC Championship and, for the third straight season, knocked the Packers out of the playoffs, this time by a 38–27 score, to earn their third Super Bowl appearance in four years. Dallas won Super Bowl XXX against the Pittsburgh Steelers 27–17, with Aikman throwing one touchdown pass.
In 1996, despite offensive troubles, Aikman again helped lead Dallas to another NFC East Division title and a home game for the Wild Card playoff round, a 40–15 drubbing of the Minnesota Vikings. The following week, Dallas fell in the Divisional Playoffs to Carolina, 26–17, and the Cowboys would not win another playoff game for thirteen years.
In 1997, Aikman became the first quarterback in Cowboys’ history to have three straight 3,000-yard seasons, but the team finished 6–10 and missed the playoffs for the first time since 1990. Switzer suffered the first losing season of his career, and resigned at the end of the season.
1998 was a rebound year for Aikman and Cowboys, and despite missing five games, Aikman again helped lead Dallas back to the NFC East title and the playoffs. Dallas was stunned at home in the Wild Card game as the #6 seed Arizona Cardinals won, 20–7.
The 1999 season started off with a bang for Aikman and the Cowboys as they squared off against the Redskins. Aikman fired a career high five TD passes, including the game winner in OT to beat Washington. 1999 also marked the final playoff appearance for Aikman, and the final season the trio of Aikman, Irvin and Emmitt Smith would play together. Dallas finished 8–8 and lost in the Wild Card playoff game at Minnesota, 27–10.
The 2000 season was Aikman’s final season as a professional football player. Aikman suffered from several concussions during the season, and a revolving door at QB took place between Aikman and former Eagles QB Randall Cunningham. Aikman’s final game was at home against the Washington Redskins. He was hit by linebacker LaVar Arrington and suffered the tenth and final concussion of his career.
During the 2001 offseason, Aikman was waived a day before he was due a $70 million/7-year contract extension, and ultimately announced his retirement on April 9, after failing to find another team. He ended his career as the Cowboys’ all-time leading passer (32,942 yards). 90 of his 94 career wins were in the 1990s and were the most by any quarterback in any decade until Peyton Manning surpassed him in the 2000s with 115 wins. Presently, Aikman is third on that list, also trailing Tom Brady (97).
During a late December 2013 radio interview, Aikman said the real reason he retired was due to persistent back issues he had in his final season. Aikman explained that he had back surgery in the off season following Super Bowl XXVII with no complications but by the time he reached his final season he was constantly getting treatment for back pain. While the hit by Arrington ended his 2000 season, he claims it was the back pain and not that concussion that ended his career.
|NCAA Career Totals||439||694||5,781||63.3||42||21||142.3||218||107||.49||4|
|NFL Career Totals||165||4,715||2,898||61.5||32,942||165||141||90||81.6|
|Totals||56||80||70.0||689||5||1||111.9||W/L Record 3–0|
Key to Abbreviations
GP = Games Played
Att = Passes attempted
Com = Passes Completed
Pct = Completion percentage
Yds = Yards
Int = Interceptions
Long = Longest Pass Play of season
QB Rating = Passer rating
W/L Record = Super Bowl/Postseason Won/Loss Record
After his retirement as a player, Aikman joined Fox’s NFC telecasts as a color commentator for the 2001 season. A year later, he was named to the network’s lead announcing crew, teaming with Joe Buck and (from 2002–2004) Cris Collinsworth. Aikman received an Emmy Award nomination for his television work in 2004 and has helped broadcast five Super Bowls (XXXIX, XLII, XLV, XLVIII, and LI) to date.
Aikman also hosts a weekly sports radio show which airs on Thursday from 7 to 8 p.m. ET on Sporting News Radio, and appears weekly during the football season on the Dunham & Miller morning show on Dallas sports talk radio station 1310 The Ticket. He was a public spokesman for Acme Brick throughout his career. He is also the chairman of the Troy Aikman Foundation, a charity to benefit children that has recently focused on building playplaces for children’s hospitals. The Agency Sports Management & Marketing handles Aikman’s marketing activities, where Jordan Bazant is his lead agent.
Aikman, who in 1999 was ranked No. 95 on The Sporting News’ list of the 100 Greatest Football Players, has been the official Wing Stop spokesman for several years. He appeared in the Simpsons episode “Sunday, Cruddy Sunday” alongside former Miami Dolphins quarterback Dan Marino, he participated in the 2001 and 2011 videos honoring Billy Graham’s 83rd and 93rd birthdays, and he was invited to be on Dancing with the Stars but turned it down.
On September 19, 2005, at halftime of the Cowboys-Redskins game (broadcast on Monday Night Football), Aikman was inducted into the Dallas Cowboys Ring of Honor with his longtime teammates Michael Irvin and Emmitt Smith. On August 5, 2006, Aikman was one of six players inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame. When he accepted the honor, the ever-modest Aikman commented that he was merely a beneficiary of the Cowboys’ system and being tripled with subsequent Hall-of-Famers Irvin and Smith.
At another halftime ceremony, this one on February 7, 2009 at the UCLA-Notre Dame basketball game, Aikman’s induction into the College Hall of Fame was honored. Aikman announced he had completed course work to finish his degree in sociology. He participated in UCLA’s 2009 Sociology Department commencement ceremony with current quarterback Kevin Craft and former linebacker Marcus Reece, who also came back to finish his college education. Former UCLA quarterback John Sciarra was keynote speaker at the ceremony.
On February 9, 2010, Aikman became a member of the National Football Foundation Board of Directors.
As of fall 2010, Aikman is a co-spokesman for Rent-a-Center, along with Hulk Hogan.
In fall 2011, Aikman became a part of the Oxford Preparatory Academy Charter School Advisory Board in Southern California.
In November 2013, Aikman was named as a 2014 recipient of the NCAA Silver Anniversary Award, given annually to six former college athletes 25 years after the end of their college athletics careers.
In March 2014, Aikman was announced as a partner and spokesman for IDLife.
Hall of Fame Racing
In late 2005, Aikman together with another former Cowboys quarterback, Roger Staubach, established Hall of Fame Racing with Terry Labonte and Tony Raines co-driving the #96 DLP HDTV Chevrolet in the NASCAR NEXTEL Cup Series in 2006 (the race car’s number was derived by multiplying Aikman’s Cowboy jersey number 8 by Staubach’s jersey number 12). Raines drove for Aikman full-time in 2007, and J.J. Yeley and Brad Coleman drove the car in 2008. He has invited some of the current and former Dallas Cowboys players Drew Bledsoe, Terry Glenn, Roy Williams, and others to test drive NASCAR race cars at Texas Motor Speedway.
Aikman, once named the most eligible bachelor in Dallas by Texas Monthly, dated country singer Lorrie Morgan. He married former Cowboys publicist Rhonda Worthey on April 8, 2000, in Plano, Texas. She has a daughter from a previous marriage named Rachel Worthey, as well as two daughters with Aikman, Jordan Ashley Aikman, born August 24, 2001, and Alexa Marie Aikman, born July 30, 2002. The couple announced their separation on January 24, 2011. Their divorce became final April 12, 2011.
References and notes
- “Hall of Famers”. Pro Football Hall of Fame. 2006.
- “Aikman enshrined into College Football Hall of Fame”. Dallas Morning News. 2009-07-18.[dead link]
- Page, Eric S. “New Padres Owners Take the Field”. NBC San Diego. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Enterprises, Aikman. “Aikman Enterprises > Home”.
- Jensen, Jeffry (2002) . Dawson, Dawn P, ed. Great Athletes. 1 (Revised ed.). Salem Press. pp. 20–22. ISBN 978-1-58765-008-6.
- “Troy Aikman Official College Football Site”. Aikman.com. 2007. Archived from the original on February 22, 2007.
- “BruinGold.com Season Statistics”. Bruingold.com. 2007.
- “BruinGold.com Aikman Page”. Bruingold.com. 2007.
- “Cannon, Aikman, Holtz lead 15 into Hall of Fame”. ESPN.com. 2008.
- Frontline. “How One Client’s Concussion Shook the Real “Jerry Maguire””. PBS. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- “Hall of Famers » TROY AIKMAN”. Profootballhof.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- “Troy Aikman offers cautionary tale for Cowboys QB Tony Romo”. espn.com. 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Brian Dohn, “Former Bruin Aikman gets another completion — his degree” Archived August 26, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., Los Angeles Daily News, February 5, 2009
- “NCAA names 2014 Silver Anniversary Award winners” (Press release). NCAA. November 14, 2013. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
- “Split Formation: Singer, Cowboys Quarterback Part”. Orlando Sentinel. January 21, 1994.
- Crissey, Mike. “Cowboy quarterback, former staffer, are wed”. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-04.
- “The Real Housewives of Dallas”. WordPress Newspaper. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- Troy Aikman and wife separate Archived January 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., January 25, 2011 www.wfaa.com, Includes video of television news report. Retrieved February 6, 2011. Archived October 1, 2009, at WebCite
- “Troy Aikman”. TMZ Sorts. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
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